Thanks to our Turpin cousin Dennis Bell for a transcription of the marriage bond of John Turpin and Elizabeth Carter. Dennis did some analysis on the ink that seemed to have bled through. When he flipped the image vertically, it turned out that ink bled from the same document, which was apparently folded in half vertically, then in half again, before the ink had dried!
Transcribed on 25 May 2016, he notes that this marriage bond appears to follow the standard wording used in many areas of the U.S. in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
<modern stamp circa 2015>
Halifax County Circuit Court, VA
Robert W Conner, Clerk
A copy tested Delma W Marable Dep. Clerk
Feb. 27th, 1797
<original handwriting on document>
Know all men by these presents that we John Turpin & Rich. Carter of Halifax County are held and firmly bound unto James Wood Esq. governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia for the terms <unreadable word or two> in the just & full sum of $150 to which payment well & Truly to be made to the said Governor & his successors we bind ourselves & each of our joint & several heirs Executors & administrators jointly & severally firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals & dated this 27th day of February 1797. The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage suddenly intended to be had & Solemnized between the above bound John Turpin & Elizabeth Carter of this County now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct the solemnization of the said intended marriage then the above obligation to be void else to remain in full force & virtue.
A. Watlington <Armistead Watlington per the Reynolds genealogy site where the marriage bond was posted>
John Turpin X his mark